In Turkey, Government Debt refers to the central government gross debt stock in local and foreign currencies.
The Chicago Fed National Activity Index (CFNAI) is designed to gauge overall economic activity and related inflationary pressure. The CFNAI is based on a weighted average of 85 existing monthly indicators of national economic activity. It has an average value of zero and a standard deviation of one. Since economic activity tends toward trend growth rate over time, a positive reading corresponds to growth above trend and a negative reading corresponds to growth below trend.
In Brazil, interest rate decisions are taken by The Central Bank of Brazil's Monetary Policy Committee (COPOM). The official interest rate is the Special System of Clearance and Custody rate (SELIC) which is the overnight lending rate.
Germany is a member of the European Union which has adopted the euro. Germany's benchmark interest rate is set by the European Central Bank. The official designation for the rate is main refinancing operation.
In Belgium, the consumer confidence indicator supplies concise information on consumers’ confidence regarding the progress of the economy. The index is based on a monthly telephone survey of more than 1,000 consumers on their outlook for the country's job and economic prospects as well as their own financial situation and ability to save money. The index is the balance of positive and negative replies, with a figure of zero meaning Belgians are evenly split on whether things will improve or worsen for consumers in the next year.
In Luxembourg, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force.
In Hong Kong, the composite consumer price index is based on a monthly survey conducted throughout the territory. The indicator consists of 980 consumer goods and services classified into 9 major groups. Housing accounts for 31.6 percent of total weight, Food for 27.5 percent and Miscellaneous Services such as education, communications, information and medical care for 15.9 percent. Transport constitutes 8.5 percent of total index; Durable Goods for 5.2 percent; Miscellaneous Goods for 4.2 percent and Clothing and Footwear for 3.4 percent. Electricity, Gas and Water account for 3.1 percent and Alcoholic Drinks and Tobacco for the remaining 0.6 percent.
Inflation Rate MoM measures month over month change in the price of goods and services.
In Poland, the year-over-year change in Retail sales compares the aggregated sales of retail goods and services during a certain month to the same month a year ago.
In Turkey, tourist arrivals refer to the number of visiting foreigners.
In the Netherlands, the Consumer Confidence survey is made by phone and covers 1,000 households. The questions cover the consumer’s assessments on national economy and own financial situation for the past 12 months and expectations for the coming 12 months. The index is then calculated as a difference between the percentage of participants that are optimistic and the share that is pessimistic. Therefore, the index takes a value between -100 (all respondents assess their situation as poor and expect it to become worse) and 100 (all participants are satisfied with the current situation and expect it to improve); 0 indicates neutrality.
The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) on August 17th, 2019, designated the Loan Prime Rate (LPR) the new lending benchmark for new bank loans to households and businesses, replacing the central bank’s benchmark one-year lending rate. The rate is based on a weighted average of lending rates from 18 commercial banks, which will submit their LPR quotations, based on what they have bid for PBOC liquidity in open market operations, to the national interbank funding center before 9am CST on the 20th of every month.